Fluctuations in hormone levels in the body directly cause the first symptoms of menopause. These symptoms can last for six months, fifteen years, or even longer.
Secondary symptoms result from other age-related physical changes:
- Hot flushes.
- Night sweats.
- Sleeping troubles.
- Anxiety attacks.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Memory loss.
- Mood swings.
- Joint pain, without swelling.
- Changes in the eye and oral health.
- Description of the symptoms of menopause
- Hot flashes, night sweats, and other vasomotor symptoms.
About 60 to 80% of women will experience “vasomotor symptoms.
Some factors can increase the frequency of vasomotor symptoms, including obesity, certain medications, room temperature changes, spicy foods, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Ethnicity also affects the likelihood of experiencing vasomotor symptoms; Compared to Caucasian women, African American women have more of these symptoms, and Japanese and Chinese women have fewer.
Many treatments can better manage or lessen hot flashes, such as lifestyle changes and over-the-counter and non-prescription medications. Fans, lower room temperature, dressing in layers, and consuming cold drinks can help relieve night sweats and hot flashes. Some women say that herbal preparations help, but hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for hot flashes.
Difficulty sleeping is a feature of the transition to menopause. Difficulty falling asleep and waking up in the middle of the night are two major annoyances of menopause when it comes to sleep. Women may repeatedly wake up feeling hot flashes and have difficulty falling back to sleep, or wake up for no apparent reason.
Primary, here are some steps you can take to improve your sleep:
Check your mattress; should it be replaced?
Is the bedroom a quiet, dark place?
Do you have a partner who snores? Consider wearing earplugs.
Cut down on your caffeine intake, especially in the afternoon.
Avoid eating heavy meals late at night.
Cut down on your alcohol consumption; wine consumed six hours before bedtime can disrupt the second part of sleep and keep you awake part of the night. The metabolism of alcohol creates chemicals that are responsible for this disruption. Alcohol also decreases the quality of the remaining sleep.
Turn off your screens (TV, computer, and smartphone) an hour or two before you go to bed, and practice a pre-sleep relaxation routine that works for you.
Immediately list the things you want to do the next day to stop thinking about them in bed.
Practice yoga, meditation, or controlled breathing to calm yourself down before going to bed.
Make sure your phone is in night mode if it goes through the door frame.
Consider putting cool sheets and pillows in the bed and wearing a light nightgown.
Non-prescription products, such as valerian and St. John’s Wort, are also treatment options. Cognitive-behavioral therapy can also help.
If you are still having trouble sleeping, see a doctor to make sure you don’t have another disorder like sleep apnea, reflux, restless leg syndrome, and advice on what to do next. Precise treatments. Your doctor may tell you about treatment options, including hormone treatments that effectively improve the quality of sleep. Medicines for sleeping should be taken with caution.
They were designed for occasional, not chronic, insomnia.
Mood swings and memory loss:
During perimenopause, the most popular mood signs include mood swings, irritability, a tendency to cry often, anxiety, depression, and lack of motivation and energy. During this time, some women may also feel vulnerable to episodes of anxiety or depression. These mood-related symptoms can worsen if low sleep quality and improve with increased physical activity and improved diet. Antidepressants can help and, in some cases, decrease hot flashes. Memory loss can complicate things at menopause. The most common complaints relate to difficulty finding a word or remembering a name.
These relatively minor memory losses can be quite disturbing depending on the nature of the work being done, but most of the time, they do not decrease the person’s efficiency at work. Likewise, adopting a healthy lifestyle is the best way to maintain a sharp mind. Maintain good relationships, get enough rest, eat well, exercise frequently, and avoid using cannabis and alcohol.
On average, women gain 4.5 lbs during menopause. Weight gains are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Gaining abdominal weight also raises several health risks. Women who take hormone therapy accumulate less body fat and less abdominal fat and gain more lean body mass than women who do not.
Women can reduce their weight gain by reducing their daily calorie intake and exercising as part of their regular activities. Insulin resistance increases with age; reducing the number of carbohydrates in the diet, especially sugars, is essential for weight management. Learn more about how to make healthy eating and exercise part of your day by visiting Women’sNutrition.ca.
Joint pain and skin changes:
Women in the transition to menopause often complain of joint pain. Hormone therapy can provide some relief, but physical activity is the best medicine. These women may also notice changes in their skin, often after exposure to the sun, smoking, and hormonal changes. In women who take hormone therapy for medical reasons, it is noted that this treatment can limit the loss of collagen and maintain the thickness of the skin. If you experience severe joint pain or if your joints are swollen or deformed, you should see a doctor.
Eye and oral health:
In the ordinary course of aging, and due to hormonal variations, women experience changes in their vision. To date, the scientific data does not indicate the effects of hormone therapy on vision problems. However, hormone therapy is effective in preventing dental pain and reducing tooth mobility and the appearance of periodontal pockets. However, hormone therapy is not recommended to treat only oral health problems.